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Colombia10 April 2002

RSF urges president to investigate murder of radio station employee

RSF expressed its great concern today about the murder, reportedly by paramilitary forces, of a radio station employee in Colombia and called on the country’s president, Andrés Pastrana, to urgently investigate the incident. RSF secretary-general Robert Ménard, in a letter to Pastrana in the wake of what he called "this cowardly murder," renewed his appeal for the government to strengthen its programme for the protection of journalists and noted that the victim’s journalist father had since received death threats.

RSF learns that the journalist, Juan Carlos Gómez, of the radio station La Voz de Aguachica, in the northeastern province of César, was kidnapped on 1 April by a group of armed men from the home of a friend, Oscar Guerrero, who was also kidnapped. Two days later, the disembowelled corpse of Gómez was found floating in the Magdalena river, near the village of Puerto Mosquito. He had been tortured and his hands were tied together. The body of 18-year-old Guerrero was found on 5 April.

The murders were attributed to the paramilitary United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC) but the reason for them remained unclear. The Inter-American Press Association said the kidnappers had wanted to take Guerrero and Gómez had been seized as well because he tried to stop them. Others suggested Gómez was killed because he had read on the air a message of condolences from Horacio Serpa, the Liberal Party candidate in the 26 May presidential elections, on the death of a local party figure. The daily El Tiempo reported on 6 April that paramilitaries in Aguachica had threatened to kill anyone who campaigned for candidates other than the independent Alvaro Uribe, who is currently ahead in public opinion polls.

However, La Voz de Aguachica’s news editor, Fredy Alfonso Carvajalino, told RSF that Gómez was a technician at the station and had not broadcast anything. He had worked on a daily music and news programme called "Noches Romanticas" which went out between 8 and 10 pm. He had been hired six weeks earlier at the recommendation of his father, Luis Alejandro Gómez, who has been a journalist with the station for nearly 30 years and has received death threats for having suggested the AUC was involved in the death of his son. The radio is part of the national network of the RCN media group.

RSF and the Peruvian Press and Society Institute (IPYS) said in a report last November that press freedom in Colombia was mainly threatened by the fighting between the AUC and the guerrilla forces of the Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN). About 40 journalists have been killed in the country over the last decade.

However, RSF strongly cautions against linking the murder of journalists in Colombia with their work. Of the 13 journalists killed there last year, four had not worked as journalists for several months previously and RSF considers that only three were probably murdered because of their work. The six other cases are still being investigated. With an average of four journalists killed every year, Colombia is one of the world’s most dangerous countries for journalists.

The leaders of the three armed groups fighting in Colombia - Carlos Castaño (AUC), Manuel Marulanda (FARC) and Nicolas Rodríguez Bautista (ELN) - are among the 37 people on RSF’s worldwide list of "predators of press freedom."



In this country
15 May - Colombia
Former intelligence officials leak list of news media and journalists whose phones were tapped
28 April - Colombia
Radio reporter gunned down in Cauca department, probably in connection with his work
27 February - Colombia
Call for inter-american intervention in new phone-tap scandal
27 August - Colombia
Authorities use judicial proceedings to intimidate media
20 June - Colombia
Kidnapped journalist Mario Alfonso Puello released after four months in captivity

in the annual report
Colombia - Annual Report 2008
Colombia - Annual report 2007
Colombia - Annual report 2006


In this country
7 November - International
Leaders at Ibero-American summit urged to defend press freedom
15 June - Antigua and Barbuda
Two CARICOM journalists expelled without justification
10 May - International
Leaders attending EU - Latin America summit urged to do more for press freedom
13 October - International
Call for vigilance and responsibility from leaders at Ibero-American summit
17 November - IBERO-AMERICAN SUMMIT
18-19 November - Costa Rica

Cuba and Colombia: a nightmare for journalists

in the annual report

reports
14 March 2008 - Cuba
No surrender by independent journalists, five years on from “black spring”
5 June 2007 - Venezuela
Closure of Radio Caracas Televisión consolidates media hegemony
22 May 2007 - Colombia
Paramilitary "black eagles" poised to swoop down on press
archives

Americas press releases
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President Obama urged to raise freedom of expression in his Cairo speech
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Journalist gets three-year jail sentence

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