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LibyaMuammar Gaddafi
Head of State and Guide of the Revolution

(JPEG) Since he launched the “Green Revolution” 39 years ago, the “brother leader” Muammar Gaddafi has distanced himself from his original socialist ideals, but journalists are only benefiting very slowly from the gradual relaxation of the regime. They still have no room for manoeuvre and have to relay Gaddafi’s propaganda. His personality cult is visible in the streets and in the official media. In 2007, and for the first time since Kadhafi took power, non-governmental media have been authorised in Libya, but they remain under the supervision of the head of state’s immediate staff. Pluralism of information in Libya remains an illusion. The ending of the country’s diplomatic isolation has had many consequences for the economy, but has changed little in the field of internal politics. Foreign media are also closely watched and their representatives have trouble getting in to the country. Many newspapers are still confiscated at the border. Reporters Without Borders still has no news of journalist Abdullah Ali al-Sanussi al-Darrat, who vanished into prison in 1973.

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Predators
There are instigators and powerful people behind press freedom violations whose responsibility is not always apparent. Whether presidents, ministers, chiefs of staff, religious leaders or the heads of armed groups, these predators of press freedom have the power to censor, imprison, kidnap, torture and, in the worst cases, murder journalists. To better expose them, Reporters Without Borders has produced these portraits.

Armed Islamist groups
Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan
Ilham Aliev
Azerbaijan
Alexander Lukashenko
Belarus
Than Shwe
Burma
Hu Jintao
China
Diego Fernando Murillo Bejarano
Colombia
FARC
Colombia
Raúl Castro
Cuba
Teodoro Obiang Nguema
Equatorial Guinea
Issaias Afeworki
Eritrea
Yahya Jammeh
Gambia
Ali Khamenei
Iran
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iran
Israeli Defence Forces
Israel
Nursultan Nazarbayev
Kazakhstan
Choummaly Sayasone
Laos
Star Force Police
Maldives
Drug cartels
Mexico
Armed groups
Nepal
State Security Service (SSS)
Nigeria
Kim Jong-il
North Korea
The Executive Force
Palestinian territories, Gaza Strip
Palestinian Security Forces
Palestinian Territories, West Bank
Vladimir Putin
Russia
Paul Kagame
Rwanda
Abdallah Ibn al-Saud
Saudi Arabia
Mohamed Dhere and Mohamed Warsame Darwish
Somalia
Al-Shabaab
Somalia
ETA
Spain
Gotabhaya Rajapakse, Defence secretary
Sri Lanka
Bashar el-Assad
Syria
Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali
Tunisia
Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov
Turkmenistan
Islam Karimov
Uzbekistan
Nong Duc Manh
Vietnam
Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwe