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Croatia


-  Surface area: 56,538 sq. km.

-  Population: 4,654,000

-  Language: Croatian (off.)

-  Type of State: unitary republic

-  Head of State: Stipe Mesic

-  Prime Minister: Ivica Racan



Croatia - Annual report 2002

Progress begun in 2000 towards European standards of the freedom and plurality of information continued in 2001 with reform of the public audiovisual sector.

On 8 February 2001 the Croatian parliament voted for a draft law intended to remove the public audiovisual sector from influence by political parties. The composition of the Croatian radio and television board (HTR) was changed. Of the twenty-five members (instead of the previous twenty three) twenty two would now be named by unions, representatives of the cultural and sporting world and the religious communities. And the three remaining members, to be appointed by the head of state, the government and the parliamentary president, cannot belong to a political party. Previously ten parliamentarians sat on the board. On the same vote, parliament also approved the privatisation of one of the three public television networks. None of the commercial television networks until then had covered the whole country.

Two journalists attacked

On 1 March 2001 Rino Belan and Damir Pakostane, journalists for the satirical weekly, Feral Tribune, were attacked and beaten by unidentified assailants while investigating construction work being done on the house of a retired Croatian general in the town of Pakostane (southern Croatia).

A journalist threatened

In November 2001 Ivo Pukanic managing editor of the country’s main news magazine, Nacional, was threatened with death in the wake of the magazine’s publishing investigative articles establishing links between high officials in Montenegro and contraband cigarette dealers in the Balkans. On 4 November the Montenegrin Interior Ministry accused the South-eastern European Media Organisation (SEEMO) and its secretary general, Oliver Vujovic, of propaganda and manipulation after the latter had stated he had been informed that persons close to the Montenegrin secret services were preparing an attack on the managing editor of the Croatian weekly, Nacional, Ivo Pukanic.



asia countries list
1 - Europe Introduction
Albania
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Cyprus (northern part)
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
F.R. Yougoslavia
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
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Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Luxembourg
Macedonia
Moldova
Romania
Russi
Slovakia
Spain
Switzerland
Tajikistan
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan

see also
Introduction
Annual report 2002

Hard times for press freedom
Africa annual report 2002
Asia annual report 2002
Americas annual report 2002
Maghreb / Middle-East annual report 2002