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Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2006

Questionnaire for compiling a 2006 world press freedom index

The period runs from 1 September 2005 to 1 September 2006

During this time, how many journalists:

1. Were murdered?

2. Were murdered, with the state involved?

3. Were arrested or sent to prison (for however long)?

4. Are currently in jail and serving a heavy sentence (more than a year) for a media-related offence?

5. Were threatened?

6. Were physically attacked or injured?

7. Fled the country?

Were any journalists (yes/no):

8. Illegally imprisoned (no arrest warrant, in violation of maximum period of detention without trial or court appearance)?

9. Tortured or ill-treated?

10. Kidnapped or taken hostage?

11. Did any journalists disappear?

Over the period, was/were there (yes/no):

12. Armed militias or secret organisations targeting journalists?

13. Terrorist action against journalists or media firms?

14. Improper use of fines, summonses or legal action against journalists or media outlets?

15. Routine failure to prosecute those responsible for seriously violating press freedom?

16. Prison terms imposed for media-related offences defined by law?

17. Attacks or threats against family, friends or colleagues of journalists?

18. Surveillance of journalists (phone-tapping, being followed etc)?

19. Problems of access to public or official information (refusal by officials, selection of information provided according to the media’s editorial line etc)?

20. Restricted physical or reporting access to any regions of the country (official ban, strict official control etc)?

21. Media outlets censored, seized or ransacked? (how many?)

22. Searches of media premises or homes of journalists?

23. Surveillance of foreign journalists working in the country?

24. Foreign journalists deported?

25. Problems getting journalist visas (undue delay, demand to know names of people to be interviewed etc)?

26. Censorship or seizure of foreign newspapers?

27. Jamming of foreign broadcasts or regulating who can have satellite dishes?

28. Independent or opposition news media?

29. An official prior censorship body systematically checking all media content?

30. Routine self-censorship in the privately-owned media?

31. Subjects that are taboo (the armed forces, government corruption, religion, the opposition, demands of separatists, human rights etc)?

32. A state monopoly of TV?

33. A state monopoly of radio?

34. A state monopoly of printing or distribution facilities?

35. Government control of state-owned media’s editorial line?

36. Improper sackings of journalists in the state-owned media?

37. Journalists forced to stop working through harassment or threats?

38. Opposition access to state-owned media?

39. Strictly-controlled access to journalistic profession (compulsory certificate or training, membership of journalists’ institute etc.)?

40. Use of withdrawal of advertising (government stops buying space in some papers or pressures private firms to boycott media outlets)?

41. Undue restriction of foreign investment in the media?

42. Licence needed to start up a newspaper or magazine?

43. Cases of violating privacy of journalistic sources?

44. Serious threats to news diversity, including narrow ownership of media outlets?

45. A state monopoly of Internet service providers (ISPs)?

46. ISPs forced to filter access to websites?

47. Websites shut down over the period?

48. ISPs legally responsible for the content of websites they host?

49. Cyber-dissidents or bloggers imprisoned (how many?)

50. Cyber-dissidents or bloggers harassed or physically attacked (how many?)



Questionnaire for compiling a 2006 world press freedom index
How the index was compiled

Evaluation by region:
- Americas
- Asia
- Europe
- Middle-East
- Africa


Africa Index

Americas Index

Asia Index

Europe Index

Middle-East Index

Index
  The ranking
CountryScore
1Finland0,50
-Iceland0,50
-Ireland0,50
-Netherlands0,50
5Czech Republic0,75
6Estonia2,00
-Norway2,00
8Slovakia2,50
-Switzerland2,50
10Hungary3,00
-Latvia3,00
-Portugal3,00
-Slovenia3,00
14Belgium4,00
-Sweden4,00
16Austria4,50
-Bolivia4,50
-Canada4,50
19Bosnia and Herzegovina5,00
-Denmark5,00
-New-Zealand5,00
-Trinidad and Tobago5,00
23Benin5,50
-Germany5,50
-Jamaica5,50
26Namibia6,00
27Lithuania6,50
-United Kingdom6,50
29Costa Rica6,67
30Cyprus7,50
31South Korea7,75
32Greece8,00
-Mauritius8,00
34Ghana8,50
35Australia9,00
-Bulgaria9,00
-France9,00
-Mali9,00
39Panama9,50
40Italy9,90
41El Salvador10,00
-Spain10,00
43Taiwan10,50
44South Africa11,25
45Cape Verde11,50
-Macedonia11,50
-Mozambique11,50
-Serbia and Montenegro11,50
49Chile11,63
50Israel12,00
51Japan12,50
52Dominican Republic12,75
53Botswana13,00
-Croatia13,00
-Tonga13,00
-United States of America13,00
57Uruguay13,75
58Fiji14,00
-Hong-Kong14,00
-Poland14,00
-Romania14,00
62Central African Republic14,50
-Cyprus (North)14,50
-Guinea-Bissau14,50
-Honduras14,50
66Madagascar15,00
-Togo15,00
68Ecuador15,25
69Nicaragua15,50
70Burkina Faso16,00
-Kosovo16,00
-Lesotho16,00
73Congo17,00
-Kuwait17,00
75Brazil17,17
76Argentina17,30
77Mauritania17,50
-Senegal17,50
-United Arab Emirates17,50
80Albania18,00
-Qatar18,00
82Paraguay18,25
83Timor-Leste18,50
84Liberia19,00
85Moldova19,17
86Mongolia19,25
87Haiti19,50
88Tanzania19,82
89Georgia21,00
90Guatemala21,25
91Angola21,50
92Malaysia22,25
93Comoros22,50
-Zambia22,50
95Niger24,50
-Seychelles24,50
97Morocco24,83
98Bhutan25,00
-Côte d’Ivoire25,00
-Turkey25,00
101Armenia25,50
-Malawi25,50
103Indonesia26,00
-Sierra Leone26,00
105India26,50
-Ukraine26,50
107Lebanon27,00
108Cambodia27,25
109Guinea27,50
-Jordan27,50
111Bahrein28,00
112Cameroon28,25
-Peru28,25
114Gabon28,50
115Venezuela29,00
116Uganda29,83
117Tajikistan30,00
118Kenya30,25
119United States of America (extra-territorial)31,50
120Nigeria32,23
121Djibouti33,00
122Thailand33,50
123Kyrgyzstan34,00
124Chad35,50
125Burundi39,83
126Algeria40,00
127Swaziland40,50
128Kazakhstan41,00
-Rwanda41,00
130Afghanistan44,25
131Colombia44,75
132Mexico45,83
133Egypt46,25
134Palestinian Authority46,75
135Azerbaijan47,00
-Israel (extra-territorial)47,00
137Bangladesh48,00
-Equatorial Guinea48,00
139Sudan48,13
140Zimbabwe50,00
141Sri Lanka50,75
142Democratic Republic of Congo51,00
-Philippines51,00
144Maldives51,25
-Somalia51,25
146Singapore51,50
147Russia52,50
148Tunisia53,75
149Gambia54,00
-Yemen54,00
151Belarus57,00
152Libya62,50
153Syria63,00
154Iraq66,83
155Vietnam67,25
156Laos67,50
157Pakistan70,33
158Uzbekistan71,00
159Nepal73,50
160Ethiopia75,00
161Saudi Arabia76,00
162Iran90,88
163China94,00
164Burma94,75
165Cuba95,00
166Eritrea97,50
167Turkmenistan98,50
168North Korea109,00
Annual worlwide press freedom index 2007 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2006 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2005 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2004 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2003 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2002