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Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2007

How the index was compiled

Paris, 16 October 2007

The Reporters Without Borders index measures the state of press freedom in the world. It reflects the degree of freedom that journalists and news organisations enjoy in each country, and the efforts made by the authorities to respect and ensure respect for this freedom.

A score and a position is assigned to each country in the final ranking. They are complementary indicators that together assess the state of press freedom. A country can change position from year to year even if its score stays the same, and vice-versa.

This ranking reflects the situation during a specific period. It is based solely on events between 1 September 2006 and 1 September 2007. It does not look at human rights violations in general, just press freedom violations.

To compile this index, Reporters Without Borders prepared a questionnaire with 50 criteria that assess the state of press freedom in each country. It includes every kind of violation directly affecting journalists (such as murders, imprisonment, physical attacks and threats) and news media (censorship, confiscation of newspaper issues, searches and harassment). Ánd it includes the degree of impunity enjoyed by those responsible for these press freedom violations.

It also measures the level of self-censorship in each country and the ability of the media to investigate and criticise. Financial pressure, which is increasingly common, is also assessed and incorporated into the final score.

The questionnaire takes account of the legal framework for the media (including penalties for press offences, the existence of a state monopoly for certain kinds of media and how the media are regulated) and the level of independence of the public media. It also reflects violations of the free flow of information on the Internet.

Reporters Without Borders has taken account not only of abuses attributable to the state, but also those by armed militias, clandestine organisations and pressure groups.

The questionnaire was sent to Reporters Without Borders’ partner organisations (15 freedom of expression groups in all five continents), to its network of 130 correspondents around the world, and to journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists. A scale devised by the organisation was then used to give a country-score to each questionnaire.

The 169 countries ranked are those for which Reporters Without Borders received completed questionnaires from a number of independent sources. Some countries were not included because of a lack of reliable, confirmed data. Where countries tied, they are listed in alphabetical order.

The index should in no way be taken as an indication of the quality of the press in the countries concerned.



How the index was compiled
Questionnaire for compiling a 2007 world press freedom index

Evaluation by region:
- Americas
- Asia
- Africa
- Europe
- Middle-East


Index 2007
  The ranking
RankCountryNote
1Iceland0,75
-Norway0,75
3Estonia1,00
-Slovakia1,00
5Belgium1,50
-Finland1,50
-Sweden1,50
8Denmark2,00
-Ireland2,00
-Portugal2,00
11Switzerland3,00
12Latvia3,50
-Netherlands3,50
14Czech Republic4,00
15New Zealand4,17
16Austria4,25
17Hungary4,50
18Canada4,88
19Trinidad and Tobago5,00
20Germany5,75
21Costa Rica6,50
-Slovenia6,50
23Lithuania7,00
24United Kingdom8,25
25Mauritius8,50
-Namibia8,50
27Jamaica8,63
28Australia8,79
29Ghana9,00
30Greece9,25
31France9,75
32Taiwan10,00
33Spain10,25
34Bosnia and Herzegovina11,17
35Italy11,25
36Macedonia11,50
37Japan11,75
-Uruguay11,75
39Chile12,13
-South Korea12,13
41Croatia12,50
42Romania12,75
43South Africa13,00
44Israel (Israeli territory)13,25
45Cape Verde14,00
-Cyprus14,00
47Nicaragua14,25
48United States of America14,50
49Togo15,17
50Mauritania15,50
51Bulgaria16,25
52Mali16,50
53Benin17,00
54Panama17,88
55Tanzania18,00
56Ecuador18,50
-Poland18,50
58Cyprus (North)19,00
-Montenegro19,00n. c.
60Kosovo19,75
61Hong-Kong20,00
-Madagascar20,00
63Kuwait20,17
64El Salvador20,20
65United Arab Emirates20,25
66Georgia20,83
67Serbia21,00
68Bolivia21,50
-Burkina Faso21,50
-Zambia21,50
71Central African Republic22,50
72Dominican Republic22,75
73Mozambique23,00
74Mongolia23,40
75Botswana23,50
-Haiti23,50
77Armenia23,63
78Kenya23,75
79Qatar24,00
80Congo24,50
81Moldova24,75
82Argentina24,83
83Senegal25,00
84Brazil25,25
85Cambodia25,33
-Liberia25,33
87Albania25,50
-Honduras25,50
-Niger25,50
90Paraguay26,10
91Angola26,50
92Malawi26,75
-Ukraine26,75
94Côte d’Ivoire27,00
-Timor-Leste27,00
96Comoros28,00
-Uganda28,00
98Lebanon28,75
99Lesotho29,50
100Indonesia30,50
101Turkey31,25
102Gabon31,50
103Israel (extra-territorial)32,00
104Guatemala33,00
-Seychelles33,00
106Morocco33,25
107Fiji33,50
-Guinea33,50
-Guinea-Bissau33,50
110Kyrgyzstan33,60
111Cameroon36,00
-United States of America (extra-territorial)36,00
113Chad36,50
114Venezuela36,88
115Tajikistan37,00
116Bhutan37,17
117Peru37,38
118Bahrein38,00
119Tonga38,25
120India39,33
121Sierra Leone39,50
122Jordan40,21
123Algeria40,50
124Malaysia41,00
125Kazakhstan41,63
126Colombia42,33
127Burundi43,40
128Philippines44,75
129Maldives45,17
130Gambia48,25
131Nigeria49,83
132Djibouti50,25
133Democratic Republic of Congo50,50
134Bangladesh53,17
135Thailand53,50
136Mexico53,63
137Nepal53,75
138Swaziland54,50
139Azerbaijan55,40
140Sudan55,75
141Singapore56,00
142Afghanistan56,50
143Yemen56,67
144Russia56,90
145Tunisia57,00
146Egypt58,00
147Rwanda58,88
148Saudi Arabia59,75
149Zimbabwe62,00
150Ethiopia63,00
151Belarus63,63
152Pakistan64,83
153Equatorial Guinea65,25
154Syria66,00
155Libya66,50
156Sri Lanka67,50
157Iraq67,83
158Palestinian Territories69,83
159Somalia71,50
160Uzbekistan74,88
161Laos75,00
162Vietnam79,25
163China89,00
164Burma93,75
165Cuba96,17
166Iran96,50
167Turkmenistan103,75
168North Korea108,75
169Eritrea114,75
Annual worlwide press freedom index 2007 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2006 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2005 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2004 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2003 Annual worlwide press freedom index 2002