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Mozambique16 December 2008

Contrary to reports, killer of journalist Carlos Cardoso still on the run

Contrary to initial claims by the Mozambican police, Aníbal “Anibalzinho” António dos Santos Junior, the convicted killer of journalist Carlos Cardoso, was not recaptured after escaping from prison for the third time on 7 December and is still on the run.

“We are puzzled and worried,” Reporters Without Borders said. “How can a convict of this kind escape three times? Anibalzinho must be recaptured quickly and made to complete his sentence, and those who helped him to escape must be identified and punished.”

Several prison guards reportedly helped Anibalzinho and two other inmates escape from a Maputo prison on the morning of 7 December. He escaped for the first time in September 2002, and was captured in the South African capital of Pretoria five months later. He escaped again on 10 May 2002, only to be caught by Interpol on arrival at Toronto international airport.

Convicted on 20 January 2006 of being the leader of the hit squad that murdered Cardoso in 2000, Anibalzinho was sentenced to 30 years in jail.

09.12 - Killer of journalist Carlos Cardoso re-arrested after third prison escape

Reporters Without Borders today voiced relief at the re-arrest yesterday of the killer of journalist Carlos Cardoso, 36 hours after he made his third escape from Maputo’s high security prison.

Anibal Antonio dos Santos Junior, “Anibalzinho” is serving a 30-year-sentence for the November 2000 murder of the investigative journalist, who was the editor of the daily Metical.

Police arrested the fugitive yesterday evening on the road to Namaacha, 75 kilometres west of the capital Maputo, on the border with Swaziland. He had escaped from his cell the previous morning with the complicity of one or more prison wardens and fled along with two other prisoners.

“It is vital for Carlos Cardoso’s family that he serves his full sentence,” the worldwide press freedom organisation said. “However this is the third time that Anibalzinho has managed to escape, with collusion from within the prison establishment. The Mozambican authorities should take this escape seriously and do their utmost to ensure his accomplices are punished. That will ensure that this unfortunate incident is not repeated”.

The journalist’s killer escaped for the first time in September 2002 and was recaptured in Pretoria, South Africa, five months later. He succeeded in escaping again on 10 May 2004, before being arrested by Interpol on arrival at Toronto international airport. Anibalzinho was convicted on 20 January 2006 of being the leader of the hit squad that murdered Cardoso and sentenced to 30 years in jail.

Cardoso was shot dead by two gunmen who blocked his route as he was being driven along Martires de Machava Avenue in Maputo on 22 November 2000. He was hit in the head by several bullets and died instantly. Before the murder, he was investigating the country’s biggest post-independence financial scandal: the embezzlement of the equivalent of 14 million euros from the Commercial Bank of Mozambique (BCM). In his articles, he pointed the finger at three powerful businessmen, Vicente Ramaya and the Satar brothers.

In this country
27 March - Mozambique
Provincial governor makes death threats against journalist
12 May - Mozambique
Son of former head of state charged in Cardoso murder case
11 May - Mozambique
Three provincial journalists freed after being held illegally for a week
20 January - Mozambique
Journalist’s killer gets 30-year prison sentence but mysteries remain
1 February - Mozambique
TV journalist briefly kidnapped, threatened with same fate as journalist killed in 2000

in the annual report
Mozambique - Annual Report 2007
Mozambique - Annual report 2006

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