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International12.03.2009

“Internet monitored and controlled, even in democracies”
After joint appeal with Amnesty International for an end to online censorship, Reporters Without Borders issues report on “Enemies of the Internet”

(PNG) Reporters Without Borders today issued a report entitled “Enemies of the Internet” in which it examines Internet censorship and other threats to online free expression in 22 countries.

“The 12 ‘Enemies of the Internet’ - Burma, China, Cuba, Egypt, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Vietnam - have all transformed their Internet into an Intranet in order to prevent their population from accessing ‘undesirable’ online information,” Reporters Without Borders said.

“All these countries distinguish themselves not only by their ability to censor online news and information but also by their virtually systematic persecution of troublesome Internet users,” the press freedom organisation said. Reporters Without Borders has placed 10 other governments “under surveillance” for adopting worrying measures that could open the way to abuses. The organisation draws particular attention to Australia and South Korea, where recent measures may endanger online free expression.

“Not only is the Internet more and more controlled, but new forms of censorship are emerging based on the manipulation of information,” Reporters Without Borders said. “Orchestrating the posting of comments on popular websites or organising hacker attacks is also used by repressive regimes to scramble or jam online content.”

A total of 70 cyber-dissidents are currently detained because of what they posted online. China is the world’s biggest prison for cyber-dissidents, followed by Vietnam and Iran.

Download the Internet Enemies report

PDF - 766.5 kb
Internet Enemies 2009


Read the cyberdissidents list



Read the joint letter by Reporters Without Borders and Amnesty International on 6 March urging the heads of Google, Microsoft and Yahoo! to champion the vision of the Internet as a free space for everyone.







Obstacles to the free flow of information online

Analyses :
A call for vigilance
Let’s not forget 10 September 2001
On a Filtered Internet, Things Are Not As They Seem
Choose a country :
3 June 2009 - United States
President Obama urged to raise freedom of expression in his Cairo speech
2 June 2009 - China
Blocking of Twitter, YouTube, Flickr and Blogger deprives Chinese of Web 2.0
26 May 2009 - Egypt
Blogger fined nearly 6,000 euros for accusing chemical company of pollution
20 May 2009 - Cuba
Anyone can browse the Internet... unless they are Cuban
19 May 2009 - Syria
Proposed press law reform poses new threat to Internet
15 May 2009 - Burma
Growing restrictions on free flow of information
14 May 2009 - Bahrain
Authorities step up offensive against journalists and websites
12 May 2009 - Fiji
Government arrests two journalists in another “warning shot” for press freedom
11 May 2009 - Malaysia
Human rights lawyer P. Uthayakumar freed
5 May 2009 - Turkey
YouTube completes a year of being blocked in Turkey

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