Victims of the war
Since fighting began, 16 media assistants and 39 journalists have been killed, at least 10 wounded, 4 are still missing and 12 are kidnapped

Press Releases - Reports

19.09 - Iraq
Progress in hunt for missing media workers
Progress is being made in the enquiry into what happened to French cameraman Frédéric Nérac and Lebanese interpreter Hussein Osman, both of the British TV network ITN, who disappeared in southern Iraq two days after the start of the US-British invasion six months ago. No solid clues have been found by British military investigators but searches are under way and US forces are now cooperating.

30.05 - Iraq
Britain and France urged to investigate disappearance of ITN cameraman Fred Nérac and Lebanese colleague
19.05 - Iraq
Journalists down tools at start of EU ministers meeting in protest over Fred Nérac
13.05 - Iraq
Incredulity at British refusal to help investigate disappearance of two ITN crew members
7.05 - Iraq
UK defence minister urged to pledge more help in search for two ITN journalists missing in Iraq
2.05 - Iraq
In welcome but belated move, US army orders enquiry into shooting on ITN crew
23.04 - Iraq
Reporters without Borders not satisfied with replies from the Pentagon and the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission
13.04 - Iraq
CNN crew’s bodyguard fires back with automatic weapon when crew comes under fire
News organisation’s use of firearm sets dangerous precedent
8.04 - Iraq
Reporters Without Borders outraged at bombing of Al-Jazeera office in Baghdad
8.04 - United Kingdom
Media attacked by ministers and MPs for Iraq war coverage
3.04 - Iraq
Iraqi authorities accused of contempt for foreign journalists
31.03 - Iraq
Coalition accused of showing "contempt" for journalists covering war in Iraq
31.03 - Iraq
Reporters Without Borders calls on Iraqi authorities to explain disappearance of four journalists
28.03 - Iraq
Reporters Without Borders makes urgent appeal to all sides in the war to help find nine missing journalists
26.03 - United-States
Al-Jazeera TV station singled out in ban by New York Stock Exchange
26.03 - Iraq
Gen. Tommy Franks asked to order enquiry into death of British TV reporter and disappearance of two colleagues
22.03 - Iraq
Two journalists killed, two missing and two wounded
19.03 - War in Iraq
Reporters Without Borders calls on the US to guarantee that the media can work freely and in safety
11.03 - Kuwait
Ban on foreign journalists passing reports to Israeli news media
25.02 - Iraq
The Iraqi media : 25 years of relentless repression

breaking news

19.06 - Satisfied Pentagon plans to repeat "embedding"

The US defence department’s chief spokesperson, Victoria Clarke, has said the Pentagon was very happy with the outcome of the "embedding" of some 700 journalists with US military units during the war in Iraq. During a conference on 17 June on news coverage during the war, she said people appreciated the embedding and would like to do it again. She added that more journalists should be brought into this process next time, especially foreign journalists.

Journalists participating in the conference said they also liked embedding because it gave them direct access to the front lines and a broader perspective. Many TV journalists said being embedded with marines allowed them both to increase the depth of battlefield coverage and avoid censorship to a much greater degree.

But CNN journalist Bob Franken said he and some of his colleagues had to nuance their reporting out of loyalty to the US military.

Marvin Kalb, a Harvard university professor and former TV journalist, said everyone was very lucky the embedding formula worked out and this was because the war was short. If the war had been longer, there would have been more American casualties and the existing level of enthusiasm in the Pentagon for embedding might have fallen, he said.

all the news

JM Charon column

Jean-Marie Charon is a sociologist specialising in the media who works at the France’s National Scientific Research Centre. He has written books and articles about journalism. He writes a daily comment on the Reporters Without Borders website about the media’s coverage of the war in Iraq.

Journalist !
(18.04.2003) US troops were preparing to attack the regime’s last stronghold, Tikrit, just a few days ago. But the first shots fired involved Iraqi positions and... a TV crew. (...)

Between the lines
Egyptian media caught in the middle
15.04 - By Kamel Labidi, a Tunisian journalist based in Cairo
Egypt’s powerful state media structure was told by the government at the start of the war to avoid any coverage that might aggravate the feelings (...)



2003 Africa Annual Report
01. Africa Introduction - 2003 Annual Report
02. Africa update
Angola
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Congo
Côte d’Ivoire
D.R Congo
Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

2003 Asia Annual Report
01. Introduction Asia and Pacific
02. Update Asia
Afghanistan
Australia
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei
Burma
Cambodia
China
East Timor
Fiji
India
Indonesia
Japan
Kiribati
Laos
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Nepal
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
Papua-New-Guinea
Philippines
Singapore
Solomon Islands
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Taïwan
Thailand
Tonga
Vietnam

2003 Americas Annual Report
01. Introduction the Americas
02. Americas update
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
French Guiana
Guatemala
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Puerto Rico
Suriname
United-States
Uruguay
Venezuela

2003 Europe Annual Report
01. Introduction Europe and the former Soviet Union
02. Update Europe and the former Soviet Union
Albania
Armenia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Macedonia
Moldova
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
Serbia-Montenegro
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Tajikistan
Turkey
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan

2003 North Africa and the Middle East Annual Report
01. North Africa and the Middle East Introduction - 2003 Annual Report
Algeria
Egypt
Iran
Iran
Iraq
Israel and the Occup. Terr.
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Libya
Morocco
Palestinian Authority
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Sudan
Syria
Tunisia
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

Related documents

CFLCC Ground Rules Agreement

Standard ground rules are :

-  1. All interviews with service membres will be on the record Security at the source is the policy. Interviews with pilots and aircrew members are authorized upon completion of missions ; however, release of information must conform to these media ground rules,
-  2. Print or broadcast stories will be datelined according to local ground rules. Local ground rules will be coordinated through command channels with CENTCOM.
-  3. Media embedded with U.S. forces are not permitted to carry personal firearms.
-  4. Media will not possess or consume alcoholic beverages or posses pornographic matériels while embedded with coalition forces.
-  5. Light discipline restrictions will be followed. Visible light sources, including flash or télévision lights, flash cameras will not be used when operating with forces at night unless specifically approved in advance by the on-scene commander.
-  6. Embargoes may be imposed to protect operational security. Embargoes will only be used for operational security and will be lifted as soon as the ope rational security issue has passed.
-  7. The following categories of information are releasable.
-  8. Approximate friendly force strength figures.
-  9. Approximate friendly casualty figures by service. Embedded media may, within OPSEC limits, confirm unit casualties they have witnessed.
-  10. Confirmed figures of enemy personnel detained or captured.
-  11. Size of friendly force participating in an action or operation can be disclosed using approximate terms. Specific force or unit identification may be released when it no longer warrants security protection.
-  12. Information and location of military targets and objectives previously under attack.
-  13. Generic description of origin of air operations, such as "land-based."
-  14. Date, time or location of previous conventional rnilitary missions and actions, as well as mission results are releasable only if described in general terms.
-  15. Types of ordnance expended in general terms.
-  16. Number of aerial combat or reconnaissance missions or sorties flown in CENTCOM’s area of operation-
-  17. Type of forces involved. (e.g., air defense, infantry. armor, Marines).
-  18. Allied participation by type of operation (ships, aircraft, ground units, etc.) After approval of the allied unit commander.
-  19. Operation code names.
-  20. Names and hometowns of U.S. military units.
-  21. Service members’ names and home towns with the individuals’ consent-
-  22. The following categories of information are not releasable since their publication or broadcast could jeopardize operations and endanger lives.
-  23. Specific number of troops in unhs below Corps/MEF level.
-  24. Specific number of aircraft in units at or below the Air Expeditionary Wing level.
-  25. Specific number regarding other equipment or critical supplies (e.g. artillery, tanks, landing craft, radars, trucks, water, etc.).
-  26. Specific nimber of ships in units below the carrier battle group level
-  27. Names of military installations or specific geographic locations of military units in the CENTCOM area of responsability, unless specifically released by the department of defense or authorized by the CENTCOM commander. News and imagery products that identify or include identifiable features of these locations are not authorized for release.
-  28. Information regarding future operations.
-  29. Information regarding force protection measures at military installations or encampments (except those which are visible or readily apparent) 
-  30. Photography showing level of security at military installations or encampments
-  31. Rules of engagement.
-  32. Information on intelligence collection activities compromising tactics, techniques or procédures.
-  33. Extra precautions in reporting will be required at the commencement of hostilities to maximize operational surprise. Live broadcasts from airfields, on the ground or afloat, by embedded media are prohibited until the safe return of the initial strike package or until authorized by the unit commander.
-  34. During an operation, specific information on friendly force troop movements, tactical deployments, and dispositions that would jeopardize operational security or lives. Information on on-going engagements will not be released unless authorized for release by on-scene commander.
-  35. Information on special operations units, unique opérations methodology or tacfics, for example, air operations, angles of attack, and speeds, naval tactical or evasive maneuvcrs, etc. General terms such as "low" or "fast" may be used.
-  36. Information on effectiveness of enemy electronic warfare.
-  37. Information identifying postponed or canceled operations
-  38. Information on missing or downed aircraft or missing vessels while search and reçue and recovery operations are being planned or underway.
-  39. Information on effectiveness of enemy camouflage, cover, deception. Target, direct and indirect fire, intelligence collection, or security measures.
-  40. No photographs or other visual media showing an enemy prisoner of war or detainee’s recognizable face, nametag or other identifying feature or item may be taken. No interviews with detainees will be granted.
-  41. Still or video imagery of custody operations or interviews with persons under custody.
-  42. Media representatives will not release names of service membres killed, missing or injured until next of kin notification is completed.
-  43. Although images of casualties are authorized to show the horrors of war, no photographs or other visual media showing a deceased service member’s recognizable face, nametag or other identifying feature of item may be taken.
-  44. Media visits to medical facilities will be in accordance with applicable regulations, standard operating procédures, operations ordcrs and instructions by attending physicians. If approved, service or medical facility personnel must escort media at all times.
-  45. Patient welfare, patient privacy, and next of kin/family considerations are the governing concerns about news media coverage of wounded, injured and ill personnel in medical treatment facilities or other casualty collection and treatment locations.
-  46. Media visits are authorized to medical care facilities, but must be approved by the medical facility commander and attending physician and must not interfere with medical treatment. Requests to visit medical care facilities outside the continental United States will be coordinated by the unified command PA.
-  47. Reporters may visit those areas designated by the facility commander, but will not be allowed in operating rooms during operating procedures-
-  48. Permission to interview or photograph a patient will be granted only with the consent of the attending physician or facility commander and with the patient’s informed consent, witnessed by the escort.
-  49. "Informed consent" means the patient understands his or her picture and comments are being collected for news media purposes and they may appear nationwide in news media reports.
-  50. The attending physician or escort should advise the service member if NOK have been notified.

"I (insert name)_____________________, am (insert job description) ___________ an employee of _____________________(insert news organization), have read the aforementioned media ground rules and agree, with my signature, to abide by them. I also understand that violation of these ground rules is cause for the revocation of my media accreditation with CFLCC.

Signature ______________________Date______________________


Printed Name, affiliate, address & phone number


Witness Signature


Date


Witness Printed Name, Rank

others related documents

RSF 1992 Iraq Annual Report
Journalists killed since 1992
Extract of the Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions on the protection of journalists
Extract of the Geneva Convention on the treatment of prisoners of war